The survival rate for heart attacks in the world has increased due to better healthcare. However, the disease still poses a serious threat. Here’s everything you need about heart attacks, how they are caused, and what you can do to prevent them.
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Heart Attack Survival Rate What You Need to Know About| What You Need to Know About HeartTreatment and Prevention
What is a? Heart Attack?
A heart attack, otherwise known as a myocardial infarction, happens when a blockage in one or more of the heart’s arteries prevents blood from flowing into the organ. The lack of blood flow can quickly cause the death of heart muscle cells.
Heart attacks can be divided into two types.
- Type I Heart Attack – This happens when plaque on the artery’s inner wall ruptures. The plaque then releases cholesterol and other substances into your bloodstream. This forms a blood clot which blocks the artery.
- Type II Heart Attack – This kind of heart attack is not necessarily caused byThe complete obstruction of an artery is not the same thing as when the heart doesn’t get enough oxygen-rich blood.
What are the Causes Heart Attacks?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, coronary artery disease is the most common cause of heart attacks. Plaque builds up in the blood vessels that supply the organ with blood. Atherosclerosis is the term for plaque buildup.
The heart can also become blocked by severe spasms, or even sudden contractions of the coronary vessels. Heart attacks can also be caused by:
- Broken blood vessels
- Drug misuse
- Low levels of oxygen in blood
The CDC also estimates that around 50 percent of all adults have at least one of three major risk factors that increase a person’s chances of getting some other kind of heart disease. High cholesterol, high blood pressure and smoking are all major risk factors.
These are just a few of the other common risk factors:
- Diabetes – The American HeartThe Association estimates that people with diabetes are four to five times more likely than those who don’t have it to die from heart disease.
- Depression – The National HeartLung and Blood Institute reports that CAD is 64% more likely in people with depression and other symptoms.
- Obesity – Being obese or overweight is also linked to numerous cardiovascular diseases like high blood pressure and diabetes. This is often caused by obesity. byA poor diet, insufficient exercise and excessive alcohol consumption.
What are its symptoms?
The survival rate of heart attacks has increased worldwide due to an increase in awareness. These symptoms typically include:
- Chest pains
- Breathing difficulties or shortness of air
- Dizziness and lightheadedness
- Upper body pain, mainly in the arms, shoulders and neck
Regardless of one’s gender, a person may experience a mix of any of the above-listed symptoms. There are differences between men and women in the biology, presentation, outcomes, and treatment of heart attacks.
One example is a 2019 study in the Journal of the American HeartThe Association found that women are more susceptible to experiencing symptoms like chest pains or shortness-of-breath.
This study also shows that men are more susceptible to having heart attacks. by plaque ruptures. Women are more likely to suffer from heart attacks. by non-obstructive CAD.
A high estrogen level can reduce your risk of suffering a heart attack. Women are at greater risk for heart attacks after menopause.
A new study has also shown that women tend to wait longer than men when they experience symptoms of heart attacks. Women are more likely to experience severe heart attacks than men, and this is why more women have it.
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What Is the Meaning of the Heart Attack Survival Rate?
An age-specific, more comprehensive study of heart attack survival rates has not yet been published. Most studies concentrate on the general mortality rate for cardiovascular disease.
The CDC reports that heart disease was diagnosed in 30.3 million adults in America in 2018. The condition is the leading cause of death in America, killing approximately 647,000 people each year.
One out of four deaths in the US can be attributed to this cause. byheart disease. An American suffers a heart attack approximately every 40 seconds. This is about 805,000 Americans each year.
A second study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association(JAMA), estimates that heart attacks account for 12 percent of all deaths.
The American HeartAccording to the Association, 19% of men and 26% of women will die from heart attacks within one year. In the five years following a heart attack almost half of all women die. This compares to just 36% of men.
How do you get there? HeartHow are attacks treated?
Preventing a heart attack is the best option. If it’s too late for this, however, doctors have a variety of ways to diagnose and treat heart attacks.
A cardiac catheterization is often ordered by doctors. A flexible tube will be used to insert the probe into the blood vessels. It will allow the doctor see where plaque might have been built up and help them decide the right course of action.
The severity of the condition will dictate the type and extent of treatment. It can be either surgical or non-surgical.
These are some of the most common procedures:
- Angioplasty – This procedure opens the blocked artery using a balloon. Angioplasties can now be accompanied by other procedures. byOther treatments
- Stent – A stent is essentially a wire mesh inserted byThe surgeons insert the catheter into the artery to keep it open after angioplasty.
- Heart bypass surgery – A heart bypass surgery involves the rerouting of blood around a blockage.
- Heart valve surgery – Otherwise known as a valve repair or replacement surgery, the procedure involves repairing or replacing leaky valves to help the heart pump.
- Pacemaker – Pacemakers are devices implanted underneath the skin that helps the heart maintain a normal rhythm.
- Heart Transplant – In worst-case scenarios where permanent tissue death to most of the heart has already happened, a heart transplant is often the go-to treatment.
How can you prevent it? Heart Attacks?
Prevention is better than treatment, as was stated earlier. A healthier lifestyle is key to preventing heart attacks, or at least reducing the chance of them.
This means increasing your physical activity, managing your blood pressure and blood sugar, eating a healthy diet and avoiding vices such as smoking and excessive drinking.
You can always consult your doctor if you have doubts. They will help you identify areas where you can make improvements to lower your chances of having a cardiac attack.
Knowing how to recognize the symptoms of a heart attack and what to do after is crucial to increasing a person’s heart attack survival rate. All this and more can be found in this video courtesy St. John Ambulance.
Having a firm grasp of the causes, symptoms, and treatments of heart attacks significantly increases a person’s heart attack survival rate. This guide will help you to know what to do in case you or someone you love experiences this potentially fatal condition.
Are there any other questions you might have about the survival rate of heart attacks, their symptoms, and treatment? You can ask them in the comments below!
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