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Fundamentals of Water Filtration & Purification for Emergency Survival



Water Filtration & Purification for Emergency Survival

Water filtration is when a contaminated water supply is prepared and made safe for human consumption. There are several methods of water filtration that can be used. Still, the main aim is to render the water fit for use by removing or killing bacteria, microbes, and other contaminants. The type of water filter that one can use depends mainly on the contaminants’ nature present in a particular water supply.

Purpose of Water Filtration

The main purpose of water filtration is to remove impurities from water. The designing of water filters is done so that they can facilitate cleaner water from existing sources reliably and as quickly as possible. These filters provide safer water, improving the taste, and removing bacteria that could otherwise cause infection or sickness if ingested.

Types of Water Filtration

As mentioned, there are several different forms of water filtration used. These include reverse osmosis, which condenses the water before forcing it through a semi-permeable membrane at high pressure. It then removes large particles such as bacteria. Besides, sand filters work similarly, though on a larger scale. They remove bacteria and large particle contaminants.

Another type is ultraviolet filters that bathe the water in radiation, thus killing bacteria. Activated carbon filtration reacts to the pollutants with carbon and removes them from the water, while distillation boils off the water, leaving pollutants behind.

Benefits of Water Filtration

Many benefits come from the water filtration process. Among these are the improvements to health. Research shows that filtering out chlorine from any drinking water reduces the risk of some cancers, such as colon and rectal cancer. Simultaneously, by removing bacteria and other microbes from the water, the risk of disease is significantly reduced.

This is particularly important for both children and the elderly, whose immune systems are not as strong, especially during emergencies. Water filters should be replaced regularly to prevent a buildup of microbes and other contaminants. If this is not done, pollutants will build up. Once they reach a critical level, they can easily overflow into the water supply, making it more contaminated than before filtering took place. This should be considered, especially during an extended period of a disaster.

Emergency Water Filtration Techniques

In any emergency water treatment, you should always filter water as a first step. If municipal water supplies falter or electrical power fails, you can turn to unusual sources. Serious illness can result from drinking water without filtering or treating available water from plumbing reservoirs, waterways, and swimming pools. In most cases, homemade filters or commercial filters do help to avoid these problems. There are different filters used, which are discussed below:

Crude Filters

One of the real defenses against water-borne diseases is by boiling or chemically treating water. Filtration helps by removing many water contaminants. When the water is cloudy, it should be left to settle and then filtered through clean cloth layers. Some experts recommend boiling water for ten minutes. Besides, five to eight drops of chlorine bleach per gallon of water kill harmful viruses and bacteria, but crude filters only remove obvious debris in the water.

Ceramic Filters

Ceramic water filters effectively remove harmful organisms, providing immediate drinkable water. They remove particles down to one micron in diameter. Not all filters in the market meet these standards. You should therefore check with the manufacturer to find out if additional steps may be needed. In emergencies, filters that depend on a pressurized water system to operate will not be of great help.

Homemade Filters

The Homemade water filters built in stages do filter water in large amounts, though not perfectly. These filter stages should run from coarse to fine, where first stages screen out large pieces of debris, and later stages remove finer particles from water. In the last stage, the water could look clean if there is a deep layer of activated charcoal. It should be disinfected with chemical treatments or boiling before drinking it. Homemade filters are not considered enough to guarantee potable water, though they can be used in a crisis.

Backpacking Filters

Small backpacking water filters are a great idea for the home emergency kit, although their total output can go as low as 200 gallons per filter. They are combined with simple cloth filters to remove coarse debris, producing drinkable water from emergency sources such as water heaters or even from toilets’ reservoirs.

Survival Filters

Emergencies indeed happen in the cities and a wilderness situation when clean water runs short. An emergency filter pit can be dug in the bank of a creek or even the shore of a lake in such situations. The ground itself is used as a primitive filter. Before filling a container, one should wait for the hole to fill and the water to clear. At this point, stage filters with found materials such as dry grass or clean sand can be rigged from spare clothing to serve the purpose


Things to Consider When Preparing Food and Water for Emergencies

Basic Rules for Stock Your Prepper Pantry

How to Start Your Food Storage Plan

Must-Have Foods for Your Prepper Pantry


Food Storage

Must-Have Foods for Your Prepper Pantry



Foods for Your Prepper Pantry

For any prepper, consistent stockpiling of nourishing and long-lasting food is an imperative priority. It means that the more individuals prep, the more secure they will be in an emergency or disaster situation. If you are searching for the right foods to store in your pantry for survival and sustenance before a crisis, here are some suggestions.

Purified and seltzer water:

First and foremost, you need to have water to make it through the disaster. Therefore, as described above, you need to make plans to have some bottled water available.

Canned food:

It’s also a good idea to stock up on canned goods with high fluid content. Two good examples are canned pineapple juice and canned vegetable juice, easily accessible at your local market. These will provide both water and nutrition ions to the body system.

Powdered milk:

This type of milk can last for 2 to 10 years. You only need to add a bit of water to have a nutritious drink any time of the day.

Hard cheeses packed in wax:

It is not always easy to find waxed cheeses, but they are worth the effort. For example, sharp cheddar, Swiss, or parmesan in wax are extremely difficult to find. They last and also provide a great meal option.

Protein bars and protein drinks:

As mentioned above, protein is a key source of energy for your daily nutrition. Canned protein drinks and protein bars last a long time, and they can be a key component of any pantry prepping strategy.

Dried and canned meats:

This is another great source of protein. These meats are prepared to last. Examples of these are canned tuna, beef jerky, and chicken. A good stock of canned meat products is definitely critical for your prepping pantry.

Bouillon cubes, espresso coffee, and tea:

These combinations provide nutrition for your drinking needs. Tea and coffee provide caffeine as well, which can be important for survival in the course of a disaster. Bouillon cubes will provide you with a bit of a pick-me-up through a dense flavor with a small bit of sodium. Meanwhile, instant coffee and tea can be used to keep you awake with caffeine. You might want to have a bit of water with the coffee and tea, though, as they can dehydrate your body.


If you are going to do any cooking, the oil will be vital. Although most oils last one to two years, you can consider coconut oil, which can last years before going bad.

Wheat flour:

For many years, wheat has been a key diet constituent. It contains vitamins, fiber, some protein, and minerals. If you have access to water and other basic cooking ingredients, this product becomes a key baking ingredient even for the simplest meals.

Baby food:

For many people, baby food and infant formula are expensive. In case you have a baby, boxed baby cereal and canned formula are easy to store and are also in great demand. They can serve as alternatives to those expensive brands for children’s survival.


Things to Consider When Preparing Food and Water for Emergencies

Basic Rules for Stock Your Prepper Pantry

How to Start Your Food Storage Plan

Fundamentals of Water Filtration & Purification for Emergency Survival


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Food Storage

How to Start Your Food Storage Plan



How To Start Your Food Storage Plan

It is important to have an emergency food pantry that ensures a consistent supply of food that your family can survive on if a disaster cuts off normal access to food, water, and other utilities. An emergency food pantry that is well equipped is a necessity for every family. One point to note is that emergency foods should be non-perishable.

They must not require cooking, refrigeration, or even water. It is up to you to determine the foods that you will stock in your pantry. It is critical to understand how to go about the whole process of starting up and getting your pantry ready just in case there might be emergencies in the future.

Long-term Food Storage Plan

Planning for your pantry is easier when you know how to get started, what you need to do, and what you need to buy. Preparing for a time when food is in short supply is not always an easy task, and you can also rest assured that this is not one of the easiest things to think about.

However, you can equip yourself with the knowledge and skills you need to plan and build your home emergency pantry. By using all the available information to you and applying that knowledge gained in the preparation process, you can efficiently stock your home pantry with the proper foods.

Location: The first step is to ensure that you have your long-term emergency pantry designed in a dry, cool, dark area. Many people choose great basements. Large closets and garages are also good.

Available storage space: The next step is to measure and note your available storage space’s exact size. This should be done before you can decide on what to store. You should be realistic and determine exactly how much physical room you have to spare for food storage.

Layout: The last step is to layout the space for access. It is good to plan where large water stores will be put, where you will store cans, and where you’ll store bins or boxes. After this, proceed to install the shelves properly.

Food Storage How to Select Necessities

Water: In the selection of items to stock, it is prudent to store water first. This is because the human body can survive weeks without food but can only go for a few days without water intake. It is recommended to set aside a gallon of water per person for every single day.

If you are creating a long-term stockpile, this could take up a lot of space. Therefore, you should limit the amount of water that you will need to set aside by stockpiling water purification tablets, a gallon of bleach, or, if need be, a portable water purifier such as the ones that backpackers use.

Carbohydrates: You should then stock up on carbohydrates. In case of any crisis, you’ll get most of your required calories through carbohydrates such as pasta, grains, and rice. It’s best to buy in bulk quantities. It should be noted that carbohydrates account for about 50 to 60 percent of the foods people put in long-term storage.

Protein: The next category should be canned meat and beans. These are excellent and long-lasting sources of protein. At the same time, protein bars are also useful sources for protein and other essential dietary needs. You should expect protein sources to account for about 25 percent of the entire storage.

It is recommended that you supplement the storage with dried foods such as powdered eggs, dried milk, dehydrated vegetables, fruits, and ready-to-eat dehydrated meals. All these are ideal space-saving long-term food items. You will also need to include dried beans if space allows. These should take up less space than canned beans, though water will be required to cook them.

Supplementary items: Other items such as salt, garlic powder, pepper, and sweeteners should be set aside. Sweeteners could include sugar or any sugar substitute. Favorite spices should be included in the list. This is because tasteless food can sometimes be demoralizing and can easily lead to a loss of appetite, which soon translates into malnutrition. Corn or olive oil for cooking and also flavoring food is great!

Utensils: The last step in selection is boxing up basic food preparation tools and utensils to store with emergency food supplies. You should ensure that you have the proper eating utensils, a can opener, and a cup.

It is good to remember to store a butane stove or gel-fuel with backups of cooking fuel. This will save you when you cannot make use of any other sources of energy, which is a common scenario in the event of an emergency.

Emergency Food Stockpile Process

Depending on the space available for your pantry, water needs to be placed in a large plastic drum with a pump, in gallon jugs, in five-gallon buckets, or individual bottles. Whichever one of these alternatives best fits your needs should be applied.

Besides, loose bags of dried beans, rice, and vacuum-sealed packets of dried foods need to be in containers. They should be kept safe from insects and vermin by putting them in plastic or metal bins with sealable lids.

Furthermore, jars and cans need to be organized on shelves, lined up by type with labels facing forward. This will help you with easy rotation. Rotation of foods in long-term storage should be done regularly as you buy new supplies. It keeps your long-term stores from spoiling. Expiration dates need to be routinely checked on your stored food and water. Any expired items should be thrown out.

Non-perishable foods that can be eaten without refrigeration, water, and cooking are great for emergencies. You are free to pick any foods that your family likes. You can also consider including a few treats or any other comfort foods, which might help the family stay calm during the stressful time that comes after the emergency has struck.

It should not be forgotten that you need to stock enough food to feed your family for at least three days. If there are any pets, emergency food should be included for them as well.

At the same time, you may experience a few changes in your family in the aftermath of the emergency, for instance, the addition of new family members or pets. Therefore, you need to regularly monitor and determine whether or not your emergency pantry is equipped to sustain the whole family in the event of a disaster. You need to discard or purchase items as new needs arise.;


Things to Consider When Preparing Food and Water for Emergencies

Basic Rules for Stock Your Prepper Pantry

Must-Have Foods for Your Prepper Pantry

Fundamentals of Water Filtration & Purification for Emergency Survival


Continue Reading


Basic Rules for Stock Your Prepper Pantry



Basic Rules How to Stock Your Prepper Pantry

Many people make the mistake of creating a food supply that is only meant to keep their stomachs from growling in hunger. This can only help one to survive a short-term disaster. However, if a crisis is prolonged, you will need a food supply that feeds and nourishes the body system, not just one that keeps hunger off.

You must prepare to fuel yourself for building a new, more self-reliant kind of lifestyle. If you fail to do this, you will perhaps only be able to survive for as long as your food supply is not empty.

Besides, those who plan to take the first steps in preparing for disasters may feel a bit overwhelmed about where to begin the entire process. There is a lot of food to choose from at the grocery stores. Many websites encourage families to start buying small amounts of food-related preparedness items each time they go shopping.

This is advisable because it allows you to prepare in advance over time without necessarily having to run panic purchases in the course of a disaster.

Besides, it is common knowledge that when disaster strikes, there will be shortages, and essential items will either run out, or their prices might shoot up exponentially. One of the tools you will need for planning in such situations is the food storage calculator, which can help you understand how much food your family will need for a given emergency.

Simultaneously, the food storage calculation can also be printed out and used as an inventory list to help you keep track of what preparedness supplies you have or will need. To make the most of your emergency food supply, these essential food pantry rules should be kept in mind before doing you go shopping.

The Latter-Day Saints created this calculator that people, even those who aren’t associated with the LDS church or even any church in general, can help figure out what they need based on the key building blocks’ diet that must always be utilized for survival needs. It is a handy tool. Please note that the water supply is for 14 days as it is impractical to store a full year of water supply.

You can visit Calculate Your Food Storage Needs to get access to a food storage calculator to help you figure out what your family would need for a full year.

2 Week Food Supply List: Daily Calorie Requirements

In the event of a disaster, the ultimate goal for you is to make sure that you fend off malnutrition. You might be facing a tough time ahead, but it is equally important for you to ensure that you do not starve to death. Proper nutrition will keep you alive, strong, and active enough to support yourself and your family members or those under your care.

Because of this, you will need to make sure that you have the right kind of food that will support your nutritional needs. You will need to stock up on the kinds of foods that provide essential nutrients for maintaining body functions, carbohydrates and proteins, and fats for energy.

On the same note, we have to highlight again the fact that your food needs to contain as little salt as possible because the more salt you have in your diet, the higher your thirst for water will be, and you might be in a situation where getting a proper water supply might be a challenge.

Several food items can serve more than one purpose, helping with finances and saving precious space in the food storage pantry. Such items include pasta, oats, wheat, rice, and beans.

High-Energy Snacks

High-energy snacks are good for boosting your energy, particularly in times of emergencies. Therefore, eating snacks that are high in complex proteins and carbohydrates will be the best way to ensure that you stay stronger. In fact, high-energy snacks such as peanut butter, nuts, granola bars, crackers, and trail mix can be stored for up to one year and will help in keeping energy levels and spirits high in an emergency.


Protein is an essential ingredient in our diet, and thus it cannot be excluded from the diet during times of survival. A good source of protein is canned meat, which can help you sustain energy levels. Besides, meats such as ham, chicken, tuna, and spam are also great protein sources for the food pantry.

Did you know that the oil in canned meat can be used as an emergency candle? Some other easy sources of proteins are beans and rice. Together, they make a complete protein mix, providing all the amino acids you need to survive.

Don’t Forget The Basics Emergency Food Supplies

Sometimes people forget the most essentials, such as flour, cooking oil, cornmeal, sugar, salt, spices, baking powder, baking soda, and vinegar. These should not be overlooked. If these are present in your kitchen, they should also be in your emergency food supply.

Even though during an emergency you might only use them from time to time, or not as often as you normally do, the most crucial thing that you have to understand is that when it comes to emergencies, you take any chance you get as a golden chance, and utilize it.

Convenience and Variety

Many parents know that boxed dinners can be quite a lifesaver when you are running out of time. Thus, having some pre-packaged dinners and meals that you can grab during emergencies will help in acclimatizing you to cooking in a grid-down situation and also provide some comfort at the same time.

Variety, in all life situations, brings forth pleasure. This is also the case in the food pantry, where it prevents the monotony of eating the same type of food all the time. Again, it is important to mention that having well-rounded food storage in a pantry cuts down on culinary boredom and provides a balanced diet. Simultaneously, stocking up on a variety of spices will enhance the appeal of your pantry.

The fascinating thing about planning for your pantry is that you need to try as much as possible to get a good variety in store. Lack of variety will easily breed boredom, and boredom will make it harder for you to eat the food you need to survive. This is particularly so for your kids. Anything that will affect your kids’ appetite needs to be dealt with appropriately, especially because kids, unlike adults, might not really understand the dire extent of the situation at hand.

Finding Comfort in The Little Things

You must stock some comfort food items that pleasure the family. Some effective examples include sweet cereals, popcorn, juice boxes, hard candy, pickles, pudding, applesauce, and cookies. These could be a great way of providing a bit of normalcy to any emergency one may face.

Besides, some of these snacks are also a good way to boost your energy. Therefore, you must try and make sure that you get just the right kind of snacks, ones that will keep away the boredom and keep you healthy and strong.

Backing Up Your Backup Supply

It is certainly true that compressed food bars are lightweight. They taste good and are nutritious. You can include food bars in your pantry as a backup to your existing food supply. These could provide you some peace of mind by knowing that you have an alternative to turn to if you run out of your regular food supplies.

Besides, these are great alternatives to your 72-hour bag or even bug-out vehicle, that is, the bag of items that you would use to survive for the first 72 hours in an emergency and the vehicle that you would be using when driving out of some space where a disaster has occurred in.

You need to understand the different types of bars with which you can practice survival skills. However, these should not be the only items in your pantry at any given time. They should only act as a backup during emergencies.

Water Supply

The importance of water for continued survival cannot be overstated. You must have water for you and your family to survive. It is prudent to have at least a two-week supply of water at hand. Also, a water filtration device that can be relied upon for prolonged disasters can be beneficial.

Rotating and Resupplying

This is one of the essential practices that you will need to learn when running a food pantry. It is good to realize that all the items brought to the food storage need to be used, rotated, and resupplied. This is the best way to have the freshest foods available in case a disaster strikes.

When you are organizing the food reserves, you should place the item with the earliest expiration date in the front so that it can be used first. By doing this, you can incorporate the accounting policy of FIFO (first in, first out) in the operation of your food pantry. An inventory check needs to be done every six months to ensure that canned goods, preserves, and other storage items are all within their respective expiration dates.

To some, prepping is a passion, while for others, it is one of the most efficient ways of keeping their families as safe as possible, especially in emergencies. If kept in mind when purchasing food supply, the above considerations will provide your family with a well-rounded food pantry stocked with a wide-ranging food supply while assisting in promoting a healthy diet for all in times of disaster.


Things to Consider When Preparing Food and Water for Emergencies

How to Start Your Food Storage Plan

Must-Have Foods for Your Prepper Pantry

Fundamentals of Water Filtration & Purification for Emergency Survival


Continue Reading




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