You cannot forget the survival hygiene kit when hunkering down. Good hygiene is important for your health. Certain things have to be done to ensure that hygiene can still be sound while you are hunkering down at home or in a survival situation.
Maintaining Bathroom Control of Sanitation
There is no guarantee that the water supply in your bathroom will continue to work throughout an emergency. If the water doesn’t work, then there’s no problem. If it doesn’t work, there are options, like a hygiene kit for emergency.
Human Waste Disposal
The composting toilet is a magnificent example of a product you can use to deal with human waste. This kind of toilet will be attached to a deep space where human waste can move into. Space will be designed to facilitate the decomposition of the waste and be managed with sawdust to neutralize odors and facilitate the decomposition process.
Disposing of Human Waste Properly:
You might also have to think about eliminating human waste if you have something like a camping toilet if you don’t have access to water for a regular toilet. You will need to take any human waste gathered by such a toilet and secure it in a bag to be moved outside.
You will have to ensure that the human waste you dispose of is collected in a separate space away from the rest of the garbage. This guarantees that the waste will not contaminate any surfaces and, so it will decompose on its own.
Cleaning and Wiping Surfaces
The sink that you have should be examined with care, as well. You might have to use a hand sanitizer in your bathroom as a method of cleaning off your hands. This ensures that your hands will be protected and free of the dangerous bacteria you might get over time.
Ensure that you clean off the surfaces in your property with care not to be at risk of suffering from serious problems. All of your surfaces will have to be treated well, as bacteria can really spread around a surface with ease. Several things have to be done to ensure that bacteria and other harmful compounds will not get in the way of any of the surfaces on your property.
Store plenty of cleaners:
It would be best if you used plenty of fine household cleaners in your home. Look for a sink, mirror, toilet, and counter cleaners. If you can use safe organic cleaners that do not create loads of fumes, then you will certainly protect everyone in the home.
Get a vacuum or sweeper ready:
A good vacuum can help you out, but it helps to have a sweeper that does not require power ready. A sweeper can help you collect all sorts of items and use pads that you can dispose of after use. It would help if you had plenty of these pads on a related note, but having ones that can be washed and re-used will be even better for you to have.
Use safe cloths for drying off surfaces:
It would be best if you also used safe clothes that are easy to manage. Anything that will not leave off a bunch of lint will help. Besides, any cloth that can be cleaned off properly should be managed with care as having a cloth will work better than having a bunch of paper towels that you might have to dispose of overtime.
Taking Care of Garbage You need to be certain that you understand what you want to do with your garbage when hunkering down. Several things have to be done to keep the garbage in your home from being a serious issue.
Solid Waste Disposal
You have to use a few important tips for managing garbage:
- See if you can reduce the total amount of whatever you produce. Conserving what you have is critical for garbage-management needs as it will ensure that your need to manage garbage won’t be much of a problem. This is especially critical as your garbage might have loads of bacteria that can bother any surface in a home.
- Check on what you can recycle; make sure you recycle items and use them as compost for a garden if you have one.
- Reusing some items may also help you out. If you take an old water bottle and wash it out and use it to handle more water, later on, you will certainly reduce the amount of garbage you will produce.
- If you have to move garbage outside your property, you will have to make sure you move your garbage out to a relatively off space. If you can move out to your curb, make sure you do so as quickly as possible; we will talk about what to do if you have to go outside later.
You must especially be certain that you dispose of your garbage when it gets full. This is especially if you are trying to take care of a baby; you can never tell how many diapers that child will use.
What if you have a Baby?
- Because you may struggle with the amount of garbage you produce, cloth diapers, which can be washed and re-used as needed, may be preferable. You might want to get a totally separate trash bag for waste and keep it far from anything consumable. Better yet, dig a hole in the ground, as a kind of “outhouse.”
- Reusable cloth wipes can also be used in your home when you’ve got to clean off your baby.
- Keep a changing and care station for the baby in a spot away from the food preparation area or other living spaces in your house to protect those places.
Personal Sanitation Showering and Maintaining Body Hygiene
Your laundry plans should be evaluated when you are trying to maintain your life while hunkering down. You could technically have access to water during an emergency, but at the same time, you may not have the power you need to get a clothes washer and dryer to work for you. That’s why you would have to use an alternative plan for handling your laundry.
Make sure that you are cautious when getting your laundry ready. You will need to get lots of space in your home to make it helpful. You can always use the room in your home where you usually do your laundry when taking care of the process.
You can also decrease the needs you might have for washing off clothes; if you can wear something for a couple of days, it will surely help you out. Of course, if you become incredibly dirty or the clothes start to wear out, you will surely have to take them off.
There are many things that you need to use to manage the laundry on your property:
Washtubs and Washboards:
These old-fashioned tools can be of tremendous help with getting your clothes washed. They’re super-efficient and will work without the need for any energy but your own elbow grease.
You can add a line onto the wall and use fasteners to secure it in its place so that it will be taut. Make sure the line is not too long and that you have space for whatever you are cleaning.
Personal Sanitation: Shower/Bathe
Practically any kind of soap can be used when managing your clothes this way. You could even use bar soap.
Toothpaste and extra toothbrushes should be on your “must-have” list. Use as little of your valuable water supply as possible when brushing your teeth.
Fundamentals of Water Filtration & Purification for Emergency Survival
Water filtration is when a contaminated water supply is prepared and made safe for human consumption. There are several methods of water filtration that can be used. Still, the main aim is to render the water fit for use by removing or killing bacteria, microbes, and other contaminants. The type of water filter that one can use depends mainly on the contaminants’ nature present in a particular water supply.
Purpose of Water Filtration
The main purpose of water filtration is to remove impurities from water. The designing of water filters is done so that they can facilitate cleaner water from existing sources reliably and as quickly as possible. These filters provide safer water, improving the taste, and removing bacteria that could otherwise cause infection or sickness if ingested.
Types of Water Filtration
As mentioned, there are several different forms of water filtration used. These include reverse osmosis, which condenses the water before forcing it through a semi-permeable membrane at high pressure. It then removes large particles such as bacteria. Besides, sand filters work similarly, though on a larger scale. They remove bacteria and large particle contaminants.
Another type is ultraviolet filters that bathe the water in radiation, thus killing bacteria. Activated carbon filtration reacts to the pollutants with carbon and removes them from the water, while distillation boils off the water, leaving pollutants behind.
Benefits of Water Filtration
Many benefits come from the water filtration process. Among these are the improvements to health. Research shows that filtering out chlorine from any drinking water reduces the risk of some cancers, such as colon and rectal cancer. Simultaneously, by removing bacteria and other microbes from the water, the risk of disease is significantly reduced.
This is particularly important for both children and the elderly, whose immune systems are not as strong, especially during emergencies. Water filters should be replaced regularly to prevent a buildup of microbes and other contaminants. If this is not done, pollutants will build up. Once they reach a critical level, they can easily overflow into the water supply, making it more contaminated than before filtering took place. This should be considered, especially during an extended period of a disaster.
Emergency Water Filtration Techniques
In any emergency water treatment, you should always filter water as a first step. If municipal water supplies falter or electrical power fails, you can turn to unusual sources. Serious illness can result from drinking water without filtering or treating available water from plumbing reservoirs, waterways, and swimming pools. In most cases, homemade filters or commercial filters do help to avoid these problems. There are different filters used, which are discussed below:
One of the real defenses against water-borne diseases is by boiling or chemically treating water. Filtration helps by removing many water contaminants. When the water is cloudy, it should be left to settle and then filtered through clean cloth layers. Some experts recommend boiling water for ten minutes. Besides, five to eight drops of chlorine bleach per gallon of water kill harmful viruses and bacteria, but crude filters only remove obvious debris in the water.
Ceramic water filters effectively remove harmful organisms, providing immediate drinkable water. They remove particles down to one micron in diameter. Not all filters in the market meet these standards. You should therefore check with the manufacturer to find out if additional steps may be needed. In emergencies, filters that depend on a pressurized water system to operate will not be of great help.
The Homemade water filters built in stages do filter water in large amounts, though not perfectly. These filter stages should run from coarse to fine, where first stages screen out large pieces of debris, and later stages remove finer particles from water. In the last stage, the water could look clean if there is a deep layer of activated charcoal. It should be disinfected with chemical treatments or boiling before drinking it. Homemade filters are not considered enough to guarantee potable water, though they can be used in a crisis.
Small backpacking water filters are a great idea for the home emergency kit, although their total output can go as low as 200 gallons per filter. They are combined with simple cloth filters to remove coarse debris, producing drinkable water from emergency sources such as water heaters or even from toilets’ reservoirs.
Emergencies indeed happen in the cities and a wilderness situation when clean water runs short. An emergency filter pit can be dug in the bank of a creek or even the shore of a lake in such situations. The ground itself is used as a primitive filter. Before filling a container, one should wait for the hole to fill and the water to clear. At this point, stage filters with found materials such as dry grass or clean sand can be rigged from spare clothing to serve the purpose
Must-Have Foods for Your Prepper Pantry
For any prepper, consistent stockpiling of nourishing and long-lasting food is an imperative priority. It means that the more individuals prep, the more secure they will be in an emergency or disaster situation. If you are searching for the right foods to store in your pantry for survival and sustenance before a crisis, here are some suggestions.
Purified and seltzer water:
First and foremost, you need to have water to make it through the disaster. Therefore, as described above, you need to make plans to have some bottled water available.
It’s also a good idea to stock up on canned goods with high fluid content. Two good examples are canned pineapple juice and canned vegetable juice, easily accessible at your local market. These will provide both water and nutrition ions to the body system.
This type of milk can last for 2 to 10 years. You only need to add a bit of water to have a nutritious drink any time of the day.
Hard cheeses packed in wax:
It is not always easy to find waxed cheeses, but they are worth the effort. For example, sharp cheddar, Swiss, or parmesan in wax are extremely difficult to find. They last and also provide a great meal option.
Protein bars and protein drinks:
As mentioned above, protein is a key source of energy for your daily nutrition. Canned protein drinks and protein bars last a long time, and they can be a key component of any pantry prepping strategy.
Dried and canned meats:
This is another great source of protein. These meats are prepared to last. Examples of these are canned tuna, beef jerky, and chicken. A good stock of canned meat products is definitely critical for your prepping pantry.
Bouillon cubes, espresso coffee, and tea:
These combinations provide nutrition for your drinking needs. Tea and coffee provide caffeine as well, which can be important for survival in the course of a disaster. Bouillon cubes will provide you with a bit of a pick-me-up through a dense flavor with a small bit of sodium. Meanwhile, instant coffee and tea can be used to keep you awake with caffeine. You might want to have a bit of water with the coffee and tea, though, as they can dehydrate your body.
If you are going to do any cooking, the oil will be vital. Although most oils last one to two years, you can consider coconut oil, which can last years before going bad.
For many years, wheat has been a key diet constituent. It contains vitamins, fiber, some protein, and minerals. If you have access to water and other basic cooking ingredients, this product becomes a key baking ingredient even for the simplest meals.
For many people, baby food and infant formula are expensive. In case you have a baby, boxed baby cereal and canned formula are easy to store and are also in great demand. They can serve as alternatives to those expensive brands for children’s survival.
How to Start Your Food Storage Plan
It is important to have an emergency food pantry that ensures a consistent supply of food that your family can survive on if a disaster cuts off normal access to food, water, and other utilities. An emergency food pantry that is well equipped is a necessity for every family. One point to note is that emergency foods should be non-perishable.
They must not require cooking, refrigeration, or even water. It is up to you to determine the foods that you will stock in your pantry. It is critical to understand how to go about the whole process of starting up and getting your pantry ready just in case there might be emergencies in the future.
Long-term Food Storage Plan
Planning for your pantry is easier when you know how to get started, what you need to do, and what you need to buy. Preparing for a time when food is in short supply is not always an easy task, and you can also rest assured that this is not one of the easiest things to think about.
However, you can equip yourself with the knowledge and skills you need to plan and build your home emergency pantry. By using all the available information to you and applying that knowledge gained in the preparation process, you can efficiently stock your home pantry with the proper foods.
Location: The first step is to ensure that you have your long-term emergency pantry designed in a dry, cool, dark area. Many people choose great basements. Large closets and garages are also good.
Available storage space: The next step is to measure and note your available storage space’s exact size. This should be done before you can decide on what to store. You should be realistic and determine exactly how much physical room you have to spare for food storage.
Layout: The last step is to layout the space for access. It is good to plan where large water stores will be put, where you will store cans, and where you’ll store bins or boxes. After this, proceed to install the shelves properly.
Food Storage How to Select Necessities
Water: In the selection of items to stock, it is prudent to store water first. This is because the human body can survive weeks without food but can only go for a few days without water intake. It is recommended to set aside a gallon of water per person for every single day.
If you are creating a long-term stockpile, this could take up a lot of space. Therefore, you should limit the amount of water that you will need to set aside by stockpiling water purification tablets, a gallon of bleach, or, if need be, a portable water purifier such as the ones that backpackers use.
Carbohydrates: You should then stock up on carbohydrates. In case of any crisis, you’ll get most of your required calories through carbohydrates such as pasta, grains, and rice. It’s best to buy in bulk quantities. It should be noted that carbohydrates account for about 50 to 60 percent of the foods people put in long-term storage.
Protein: The next category should be canned meat and beans. These are excellent and long-lasting sources of protein. At the same time, protein bars are also useful sources for protein and other essential dietary needs. You should expect protein sources to account for about 25 percent of the entire storage.
It is recommended that you supplement the storage with dried foods such as powdered eggs, dried milk, dehydrated vegetables, fruits, and ready-to-eat dehydrated meals. All these are ideal space-saving long-term food items. You will also need to include dried beans if space allows. These should take up less space than canned beans, though water will be required to cook them.
Supplementary items: Other items such as salt, garlic powder, pepper, and sweeteners should be set aside. Sweeteners could include sugar or any sugar substitute. Favorite spices should be included in the list. This is because tasteless food can sometimes be demoralizing and can easily lead to a loss of appetite, which soon translates into malnutrition. Corn or olive oil for cooking and also flavoring food is great!
Utensils: The last step in selection is boxing up basic food preparation tools and utensils to store with emergency food supplies. You should ensure that you have the proper eating utensils, a can opener, and a cup.
It is good to remember to store a butane stove or gel-fuel with backups of cooking fuel. This will save you when you cannot make use of any other sources of energy, which is a common scenario in the event of an emergency.
Emergency Food Stockpile Process
Depending on the space available for your pantry, water needs to be placed in a large plastic drum with a pump, in gallon jugs, in five-gallon buckets, or individual bottles. Whichever one of these alternatives best fits your needs should be applied.
Besides, loose bags of dried beans, rice, and vacuum-sealed packets of dried foods need to be in containers. They should be kept safe from insects and vermin by putting them in plastic or metal bins with sealable lids.
Furthermore, jars and cans need to be organized on shelves, lined up by type with labels facing forward. This will help you with easy rotation. Rotation of foods in long-term storage should be done regularly as you buy new supplies. It keeps your long-term stores from spoiling. Expiration dates need to be routinely checked on your stored food and water. Any expired items should be thrown out.
Non-perishable foods that can be eaten without refrigeration, water, and cooking are great for emergencies. You are free to pick any foods that your family likes. You can also consider including a few treats or any other comfort foods, which might help the family stay calm during the stressful time that comes after the emergency has struck.
It should not be forgotten that you need to stock enough food to feed your family for at least three days. If there are any pets, emergency food should be included for them as well.
At the same time, you may experience a few changes in your family in the aftermath of the emergency, for instance, the addition of new family members or pets. Therefore, you need to regularly monitor and determine whether or not your emergency pantry is equipped to sustain the whole family in the event of a disaster. You need to discard or purchase items as new needs arise.;
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