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How To Make A Homemade Hydroponic System

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Homemade Hydroponic System

This is a guide to making a homemade hydroponic system. It is a static solution, lettuce raft-type system

This style was chosen because it is a relatively cheap and easy system to make while still offering flexibility to grow and allow you to grow multiple plants at once. It’s a great system for growing organic vegetables in a comfortable setting and not having to worry about pests or weeds.

What Do You Need For A Hydroponic System?

  • A container to house your reservoir of nutrient solution. This can be a fish tank or some other large, rectangular container.
  • A piece of Styrofoam that is larger than the top of your container. It should be around 1 inch thick, but this does not need to be exact.
  • A small knife, such as a Swiss Army knife, to cut the Styrofoam.
  • Net pots that will house your plants.
  • A nutrient solution. These are available for purchase, and a recipe for making one will be supplied later.
  • An air pump, air tube, and air stone. These will be used to make sure there is always sufficient oxygen in your nutrient solution.
  • The plants or seeds you wish to grow.

How to Assemble a Homemade Hydroponic System

  1. First, we will need to prepare our container to hold the water reservoir. The container must be opaque (does not let any light in). The presence of sunlight will encourage algae’s growth, which will steal oxygen and nutrients from your plants, stunting their progress and possibly even killing them. If your container is transparent (such as a fish tank), spray painting it black or covering it with a garbage bag should do the trick.
  2. Next, we need to prepare our raft. Take the Styrofoam, and using your knife, cut it into a rectangle that is about ¼ an inch smaller on each side than the opening of your container. So let’s say you used an aquarium with an opening that is 12 inches x 14 inches. You would cut your Styrofoam into a rectangle 11 ¾ inches x 13 ¾ inches.
  3. Now you need to cut holes in the Styrofoam for your net pots. Place them on the Styrofoam and use a pencil to trace around their base. Keep some distance between them, both to maintain the structural integrity of the Styrofoam and to give your plants some space to receive sunlight and grow. Use your knife to cut out the circles where your pots will sit.
  4. Near one of the ends of the Styrofoam, cut a small hole that will allow you to run an air tube into the water.
  5. Place the air stone at the bottom of your container/tank. Place the air pump outside of the container, and connect the two with the air tube.
  6. Fill the container up with water/nutrient solution. Fill most of the container, but still leaving some space for your raft.
  7. Place your Styrofoam raft on top of the water in your tank. Allow the air tube to fit through the small hole you cut.
  8. Put your plants and the chosen growing medium into the net pots.
  9. Place the net pots into the holes in the Styrofoam.

Sources:

https://www.diynetwork.com/how-to/outdoors/gardening/how-to-assemble-a-homemade-hydroponic-system

https://www.wikihow.com/Build-a-Homemade-Hydroponics-System

https://www.google.com/books/edition/DIY_Hydroponic_Gardens/rwlMDwAAQBAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&dq=Homemade+Hydroponic+System&printsec=frontcover

DYI Survival

How to Make Scrap Apple Cider Vinegar for Your Pantry

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Make Scrap Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar is known as the ”The Miracle Cure.”

Scientists have identified as many as 90 different substances in this wonderful drink.

Scrap apple cider vinegar is inexpensive, healthy, and something cool to do with your kids. I enjoy reading about the health benefits, particularly the claims that apple cider vinegar can help with allergy and asthma suffering.

You Can Have Your Apples and Drink Them Too!

I have researched several recipes and decided a simple scrap vinegar would be a perfect starter.

Scrap apple cider is exactly what it implies. You can use any portion of a scrap of the apple to include peel or core and use the inside portion of the apple for pies or sauces.

As with any recipe, the better the ingredients, the better the final product, start with organic apples and pure water to get the best batch.

Apple Scrap Vinegar

Recipe altered from the healthy eating site

You’ll need:

  1. Mason jars of any size depending on how much you want to make
  2. Apple scraps from washed organic apples (winter and fall varieties contain the most sugar)
  3. Clean, purified water
  4. Cheesecloth for covering the jar to keep out bugs and debris
  5. String or rubber band to tie around the jar.

Directions: 

Fill the bowl or jar with peels, scraps, and cores of organic apples that have been browned from air exposure.

Cover with water and leave a little headspace for fermentation. Make sure the scraps are covered completely with water since exposure could cause mold growth.

Cover with cheesecloth and put in a warm, dark place. If you are making batches at different times,  label the start date of each batch.

You’ll notice the jar contents start to thicken after a few days and a grayish scum forms on top. Leave the jar for a month or so to ferment.

After about a month, you can start taste-testing it and continue until the desired strength. When it’s strong enough, strain out the apple scraps and bottle the vinegar.

It is normal for the vinegar to be cloudy. There will also be some sediment from the apples and what’s known as the “mother.”

If you don’t like the cloudiness, straining it through a paper coffee filter will remove most sediments. However, it is the “sediment” that contains so many of the vital nutrients.

When the vinegar is ready, bottle it up and refrigerate.  If you store long term, pasteurization is needed to keep out dangerous bacteria. Follow this procedure for sterilizing your vinegar for long term storage.

Personally, I like the organic, raw, and unpasteurized kind and will stick to buying Bragg’s Apple Cider Organic Vinegar for long term storage needs.

Share Your Homemade Vinegar Tips With Us!

If you make and store unpasteurized vinegar, share with us your techniques or ideas.

Enjoy your homemade vinegar, and please share tips, suggestions, or other ideas since this is a great disaster preparedness product for your pantry.

Please check out my store below for hundreds of health and beauty products, including Bragg’s Apple Cider Vinegar.

Related:

Disaster Prepare With “The Miracle Cure” Apple Cider Vinegar A Must-Have for Your Pantry

Sources:

https://marysnest.com/how-to-make-homemade-apple-cider-vinegar/

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DYI Survival

Disaster Prepare With “The Miracle Cure” Apple Cider Vinegar A Must-Have for Your Pantry

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Apple Cider Vinegar A Must-Have for Your Pantry

Known as the “Miracle Cure,” Apple Cider Vinegar has been around for centuries and is truly a natural healing gift from God.

Around 400 B.C., the “Father of Medicine,” Hippocrates, told of its healing properties and the health benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar.

Every well-stocked pantry should have a supply of Apply Cider Vinegar for consumption and basic “white” vinegar for cleaning, rising vegetables, and other household uses.

Make no mistake. All vinegars are NOT the same.

Apply Cider Vinegar is a cut above the rest as its natural properties have been known to provide powerful healing. It cleanses the body as it functions as a natural antibiotic, has antiseptic qualities, and kills germs, viruses, molds, and bacteria.

This product has hundreds of uses for a family for pennies on the dollar.

Remember the wise saying, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” I enjoy a few tablespoons in water with honey or by itself as a quick pick me up throughout the day.

It cleanses the liver of toxins, keeps bacteria out of the urinary tract, and balances the digestive tract.  Some claim it helps with weight loss. I notice a difference in my skin tone too!

If I had to pick one item in my disaster preparedness pantry besides water and food, Apple Cider Vinegar would get my vote.

Store in a cool, dark room away from sunlight, and the product will maintain its integrity for many years.

Try this simple but healthy and delicious salad dressing recipe by Bragg’s. It is wonderful to use on salads, steamed vegetables, chicken, fish, or meat. You will never go back to store-bought dressing again!

Delicious Bragg Health Salad Dressing

  • 1/2 cup Bragg Organic Apple Cider Vinegar
  • 1/2 tsp Bragg Liquid Aminos
  • 1-2 tsp organic raw honey to taste
  • 1-2 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1/3 cup organic olive oil,  or blend with macadamia, soy, sesame, or flax oil
  • 1 Tbsp fresh herbs,  minced or pinch of Italian or French

Blend ingredients in blender or jar. Refrigerate in covered jars. Yummy!

Where to Buy Apple Cider Vinegar?

I personally like Bragg’s Apple Cider Vinegar because it is raw, unfiltered, and the quality is uncompromising. 

Unless you have the means to make your own, some of you might; I think this is the best on the market. But depending on where you shop, it isn’t always cheap. However, considering the thousands of uses and incredible health benefits, it is well worth it.

Most health food stores have the raw, unfiltered kind carried by Bragg’s or others and are usually better priced than major food chain stores, generally speaking.

Buy: Bragg Organic Apple Cider Vinegar at Amazon

Related:

How to Make Scrap Apple Cider Vinegar for Your Pantry

Sources:

https://www.thehealthy.com/home-remedies/apple-cider-vinegar-every-day/

https://www.seattletimes.com/life/wellness/is-apple-cider-vinegar-the-cure-for-what-ails-you/

https://delishably.com/sauces-preserves/Best-Apple-Cider-Vinegar-Brands

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What Are Heirloom Seeds, are they Really Better?

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An heirloom is something of value that has been passed down from generation to generation. Then, heirloom seeds are seeds from a plant that have been passed down for generations because of their value.

Plants, like animals, can be bred to encourage the presence of helpful traits. Over generations, these traits become more pronounced. With heirloom seeds, two of the most common traits cultivated are adaptability and flavor.

What exactly constitutes an heirloom seed is still debated. Some say anything cultivated after WWII qualifies, while others say the strain must be over 100 years old. While the age of the seed line is still debated, there are two other important qualifications a seed needs to be considered an heirloom:

  1. The seeds must be open-pollinated (they can be harvested, saved, and replanted) and
  2. The seeds must be Non-Genetically Modified (GMO) (they must not have their DNA altered with DNA from different species or organisms).

Are heirloom seeds harder to grow?

Heirlooms are not hard to grow they have developed protection against genetic disease and insects. An example, is the Brandywine tomato, an heirloom that has appeared the most desirable flavor of any kind but can be difficult to grow. It lacks disease resistance, making it susceptible to wilt that can wipe out the crop.

Benefits of Heirloom Seeds

As mentioned above, two of the traits that heirloom seeds are cultivated for are adaptability and flavor. Heirloom seeds are generally well adapted to the climate and region in which they live, able to resist local pests and diseases, as well as extremes in weather.

Heirloom seeds are also passed down because they produce excellent tasting food, a trend becoming more common in an age where people long for naturally grown and tasting crops.

There is another hidden benefit to heirloom gardening, in that it keeps the genetic profile of a crop diverse. In modern agriculture, a very narrow range of crops is grown on monoculture plots. These crops are usually chosen for their productivity and durability and resistance to drought, frost, and pesticides.

Good traits to have, but the result has been an overall reduction in biological diversity. The increasing popularity of heirloom gardening over the past few decades has been a reaction against this trend.

And lastly, the growing and storage by common people of heirloom seeds mean that full control of seed distribution isn’t solely in the hands of corporations and the government, which is a concern for some.

What Is Heirloom Seed Bank?

A seed bank is a sort of genetic bank, where seeds are stored en masse for the future, in the event other reserves of the seed are destroyed. Localized crops can be saved even if a natural disaster or disease hits a region. Worldwide crops can be restored years after a nuclear war. A good idea that can prevent the extinction of a crop and one day might even save humanity.

The Millennium Seed Bank Project, located in West Sussex, UK, is the largest long-term seed bank on earth, with billions of seed samples in an underground, nuclear bomb-proof vault. Its goal is to store seeds from every plant species possible and right now has seeds from around 15% of all plant species on earth.

The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is a seed bank built into a mountain in Norway’s arctic upper regions. It, too, is nuclear war-proofed, and its cold temperatures keep the seeds preserved long term.

The NSW Seed Bank focuses on Australian plants that are threatened or endangered.

Sources:

https://www.croptrust.org/our-work/svalbard-global-seed-vault/

https://www.bhg.com/gardening/design/nature-lovers/heirloom-seeds/

https://www.google.com/books/edition/Kentucky_Heirloom_Seeds/UR4CDgAAQBAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&dq=Heirloom+Seeds&printsec=frontcover

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